You have your Login to Family Tree — Now what?

Krista H October 4, 2018

Understanding where you came from is important for so many reasons. After all, there is only one you. By learning your family history, you can discover who your ancestors were, where they lived, and even how your ancestry may impact your future health.

For the most part, understanding your family tree can provide you with a greater sense of belonging and purpose. As stated in a CNN report, by the eighth generation, our family tree likely has around 4,000 ancestors on it. That’s a lot of information that is waiting to be discussed.

Family Tree DNA (FTDNA) was the first company to offer direct-to-consumer DNA testing in regards to ancestry. Today, they continue to unravel each unique story. If you have recently logged into FamilyTreeDNA, it’s time to take a proactive approach. Dig deeper and never stop learning.

 family tree dna
Familytreedna.com

How Does Family Tree DNA Work?

The majority of people begin with the first stepping stone in regards to their family ancestry by using the “Family Finder” test. By providing a sample of your DNA, you can discover your ethnic and geographic origins and even find unknown relatives.

Although your grandparents may be from Europe, you may find that you are only 40 percent European, 25 percent New World, 12 percent African, followed by a combination of Middle Eastern, South Asian, and East Asian backgrounds. Just like that, you can discover so much about who you are based on your own personal genetic ancestry.

Everyone has a story, and now you can unlock yours through the power of genetic testing. That story can begin with your family history, which is certainly an exciting process. However, you can then take genetic testing to the next level, sourcing health-related information that may require your proactive attention.

 

How Family Tree DNA Compares

There are a number of companies on the market. However, some of the most comprehensive include Family Tree DNA, AncestryDNA, as well as 23andMe. Each is unique in terms of what they offer, so it depends on what you seek.

FTDNA is known to be the most comprehensive family matching tool in comparison to all other available services. In fact, it is the most popular company around the globe in regards to Y-DNA and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), as discussed below.

If you are simply interested in finding out where you come from and whether or not you have unknown relatives, the professional tools and data provided by FTDNA are highly useful and insightful. The extensive database offered by Family Tree DNA is based on strategic partnerships developed over the years, including new partnerships with iGENEA, African DNA, DNA Ancestry & Family Origin, and My Heritage.

white plastic wire puzzle with black background

Autosomal DNA, Y-DNA, and mtDNA

With access to nearly one million records, you will be able to trace your grandparents up to five generations back. You also have the option to invest in paternal (Y-DNA) and maternal (mtDNA) testing. That way, you can trace your specific family lineage from your mother’s side or father’s side — something that is not possible through 23andMe or AncestryDNA.

To summarize:

  • Autosomal DNA is the type of DNA that is passed down from all of your relatives. By investing in autosomal DNA testing, you can match relatives as distant as fifth cousins. It is important to note that unlike other companies, Family Tree DNA does not include any information regarding markers for mendelian medical issues.
  • Y-DNA is the DNA found only in males, passed down from father to son. Offering the world’s largest Y-DNA database, Family Tree DNA can help you trace the history of your surname and your male ancestors’ ancient migration paths.
  • mtDNA is the DNA that is passed on by a mother to her children (who can be either male or female). In this case, you would trace your direct maternal line, allowing you to trace your female ancestors’ ancient migration paths.

Although you can find out plenty of interesting information through autosomal DNA alone, Y-DNA and mtDNA will allow you to go back 25+ generations. Pricing depends on how many regions of mitochondrial DNA you trace, how many short tandem repeats (STRs) you examine, etc.

Once you obtain your results, you will gain access to similar details in regards to AncestryDNA. By providing a simple cheek swab, you can find out your ethnicity composition in addition to your ancestral history. If you are specifically interested in genealogy, then Family Tree DNA may provide you with everything you’re searching for.

However, if you want to take this process one step further, you can gain access to your family history and genetic health risks through 23andMe. Of course, discovering relatives can provide you greater insight into your family’s medical history. However, if you would like to better understand your individual genetic health risk factors, 23andMe is the best option.

The Link Between Children’s Self-Esteem and Knowing Their Family History

“People without the knowledge of their past history, origin and culture is like a tree without roots.” — Marcus Garvey

Humans are complex, social beings. That is why these DNA tests are so empowering. Understanding our own personal story is powerful and in many ways, rewarding. After all, knowing where you come from can help you solidify your true identity.

This has been found to be particularly true among children, as knowing who their ancestors are can have a profound effect on their own life and ability to manage stress. A 2010 study, published in the Journal of Family Life, found that children who know their family history showcase higher levels of emotional well-being. They are also able to better deal with stress.

As stated by the researchers, “Family stories provide a sense of identity through time, and allow children to understand who they are in the world.” Although more research is required, it is believed that knowing one’s family history can significantly impact a child’s emerging identity and well-being.

silhouette of man holding two childrens on shore during daytime

Overall, just some of the benefits associated with understanding your family history include:

  • The ability to establish an authentic core identity, providing a stronger sense of who we are. This ties into our self-worth.
  • A greater sense of human connection and belonging, supporting present and future relationships (based on the ancestors of your past).
  • An increased feeling of compassion, as you will be able to better understand some of the core challenges faced by those throughout history. Once again, this can translate into more positive relationships — as well as the ability to build resilience.

I Login to FamilyTree — Now What?

After you have logged into Family Tree, you will begin to see how remarkable genetic testing can be. As you learn more about your own identity, this may inspire you to take DNA testing to the next level.
As mentioned above, 23andMe provides insight into various genetic health risks. From cancer to cystic fibrosis, you can find out whether or not you carry specific gene variants which increase your risk. The key here is to become more informed so that you can take direct action.
If you enjoyed what you learned through Family Tree, why not begin to focus on your present and future, instead of your past? This is where nutrigenomics comes into play, which is the integration of both genomic science and nutrition.
For more information on how nutrigenomics can impact your present and future life (leaving the past behind), please refer to the following article:
Understanding who you are in terms of your identity is important. However, understanding who you are today in relation to your health could be life-changing. By investing in your health today, instead of investing in the sickness of tomorrow, you could reduce your risk of disease and improve your quality of life long-term.

The Future of Personalized Nutrition

It has been long understood that the color of your eyes, your stature, and skin tone are based on your unique genetic makeup. However, researchers are now discovering the impact that personalized nutrition has on human health, based on genetics.
This means that based on your unique genetic makeup, your body will respond in a specific way to nutrition. From your metabolism to your ability to properly absorb key vitamins and minerals, your DNA holds more clues than where your family came from.
As discusses, understanding your true identity is important, but it will not guide you in terms of optimal health. Although genetic testing allows you to understand your ancestral history, this is just the beginning.
Based on recent scientific advances (especially in regards to technology), researchers can now provide information about individualized, lasting health. By investing in the concept of nutrigenomics, you could find out:
person holding shopping basket with fruits and vegetables
  • What type of diet would best suit your unique metabolism of key nutrients based on your genes? For example, is a low-fat diet ideal for you, or would a low-carb diet be better? Should you follow the Paleo diet based on your body type? These are the types of questions that nutrigenomics is able to answer.
  • How your eating habits impact your overall health. Whether you have a sweet tooth or are prone to snacking, your genes can provide information about your unique eating behaviors.
  • What your nutritional needs are. Do you need to adjust your intake of calcium? What about vitamin D and key B-vitamins? Once again, a genetic test can answer these questions.
From food reactions to body weight, as you begin to understand YOUR body better, you can take more direct action, achieving real results. Whether your goal is to lose weight or increase energy levels, your genes are ready to tell a potentially life-changing story.

Taking Your 23andMe Data to the Next Level

As mentioned, if you would only like to trace your family history, Family Tree DNA is a great resource. However, if you are interested in taking your genetic journey further, embarking on a wellness journey, then 23andMe is recommended.
According to 23andMe research, after receiving their personalized genetic reports, many people took the initiative required to make healthy, lasting changes. Based on the Saturated Fat and Weight Report, people were able to better understand the interaction between the rs5082 genotype and saturated fat intake.
More specifically, those who carry this genotype are more likely to gain weight on diets high in saturated fat. When following up with participants six months later, of those who already started to make immediate changes, 82 percent were maintaining those dietary changes.
This is a clear example of when knowledge is power. By understanding how a specific component of your diet can impact your long-term wellness, you can take proactive action before any significant health complications have the opportunity to develop.
man standing while raising his hands at seashore

What You Do Today Will Impact Your Health Tomorrow

Many underestimate the impact of lifestyle choices — which is why genetic testing is so powerful. Although you will be able to determine how your DNA contributes to your risk of disease, the greatest opportunity for positive change is to focus on the interaction between DNA and lifestyle variables.
For example, if your genetic test reports that you at a higher than average risk for heart disease, altering your current diet and activity levels would be a critical starting point. Remember, your genetic material tells a story, but it is not the full picture.
When you combine your genetic makeup with the impact of key lifestyle/environmental variables, you may be able to influence which genes are expressed. In turn, this could alter your risk of certain diseases.
Family Tree DNA is a great starting point to familiarize yourself with genetics and genealogy. However, for those who are looking to take this process beyond ancestral data, focusing more on gene variants that impact health risks, a service such as 23andMe is recommended.
Although these genetic health reports do not have all the answer, they will help you become much more aware, allowing you to alter key lifestyle variables. Follow our informative journal to learn more about genetics, nutrition, supplementation, and overall positive wellness.
Krista H
Krista H
Krista majored in psychology and neuroscience, focusing on degenerative conditions, including Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. As she continued her research, she began to study the complex relationship between lifestyle variables and neurological health, including the impact these variables have on mood disorders and general wellness. She currently specializes in all aspects of neurological and physiological health, especially in relation to nutrition.
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