Betaine is a naturally occurring amino acid compound, which can also be called trimethyglycine or TMG. It has three methyl groups attached to a glycline molecule.
It is known to support digestion, gut health, heart health, liver functions, detoxification, fat loss and muscle mass improvements.
This is no surprise considering it is really aimed at supporting the multi-layered system that is ‘methylation.’ This is something we should all know about, the challenge is that it’s a very complex involved topic.
If you are curious about your methylation capabilities you should run your own Nutri-Therapy™ report.
What is Methylation?
Methylation is a topic which is challenging to summarize; it is better explained with slides and lectures.
It’s a biochemical process that uses the transfer of a “methyl group” (a carbon atom and three hydrogen atoms; CH3, in chemistry terms) between molecules, in order to help build neurotransmitters, phospholipids (see the “Cell Membrane Integrity” section), or the myelin sheath around your nerves. Methylation is also used to turn genes on or off.
Think of billions of little on/off switches inside your body that impact everything from your stress response to how your body makes energy, to your brain chemistry, to successful detoxification.
The methyl group is provided by a “methyl donor.” The most famous methyl donor is called SAMe (S-Adenosyl Methionine). So how does SAMe get made?
One of the most important biochemical cycles in our body is the folate cycle, because that cycle produces 5-Methylfolate (5-MTHF), which is a form of folate that you will find in higher-end vitamins (including Curos Essential). 5-MTHF is crucial because it immediately serves as a “methyl donor”– it donates its methyl group to homocysteine, thereby forming the amino acid methionine, which immediately gets turned into SAMe… which is then used for all the biochemical processes mentioned above.
So, although methylation is impossible to adequately cover in a couple of paragraphs, we hope you’ll take away these ideas:
First: the folate cycle and the methylation cycle intersect.
5-MTHF is a product of the folate cycle, and serves as raw material for the methylation cycle. This is why mutations in the gene that creates 5-MTHF (the MTHFR gene) have gotten so much attention.
And second: Those two cycles intersect with and affect:
• Phosphatidylcholine synthesis (Cell Membrane Integrity),
• Neurotransmitter synthesis (Emotional Health),
• Glutathione synthesis (Detoxification),
• Homocysteine metabolism (Cardiovascular Health),
• DNA repair (Cellular Defense Systems)
As you can see, nearly every section of your Nutri-Therapy Report (and your biochemistry!) is affected, either directly or indirectly, by methylation.